Chapter 16. Resources

The templates may come from a variety of sources. When you display() or fetch() a template, or when you include a template from within another template, you supply a resource type, followed by the appropriate path and template name. If a resource is not explicitly given, the value of $default_resource_type (default: "file") is assumed.

File Template Resources

Smarty ships with a built-in template resource for the filesystem. The file: is the default resource. The resource key file: must only be specified, if the $default_resource_type has been changed.

If the file resource cannot find the requested template, the $default_template_handler_func is invoked.


As of Smarty 3.1 the file resource no longer walks through the include_path unless $use_include_path is activated

Templates from $template_dir

The file resource pulls templates source files from the directories specified in $template_dir. The list of directories is traversed in the order they appear in the array. The first template found is the one to process.

Example 16.1. Using templates from the $template_dir

$smarty->display('file:index.tpl'); // same as above


From within a Smarty template

{include file='index.tpl'}
{include file='file:index.tpl'} {* same as above *}


Templates from a specific $template_dir

Smarty 3.1 introduced the bracket-syntax for specifying an element from $template_dir. This allows websites employing multiple sets of templates better control over which template to acces.

The bracket-syntax can be used from anywhere you can specify the file: resource type.

Example 16.2. Specifying the $template_dir to use


// setup template directories
    './templates',            // element: 0, index: 0
    './templates_2',          // element: 1, index: 1
    '10' => 'templates_10',   // element: 2, index: '10'
    'foo' => 'templates_foo', // element: 3, index: 'foo'

  assume the template structure

// regular access
// will load ./templates/foo.tpl

// using numeric index
// will load ./templates_2/foo.tpl

// using numeric string index
// will load ./templates_10/foo.tpl

// using string index
// will load ./templates_foo/foo.tpl

// using "unknown" numeric index (using element number)
// will load ./templates_10/foo.tpl



From within a Smarty template

{include file="file:foo.tpl"}
{* will load ./templates/foo.tpl *}

{include file="file:[1]foo.tpl"}
{* will load ./templates_2/foo.tpl *}

{include file="file:[foo]foo.tpl"}
{* will load ./templates_foo/foo.tpl *}


Templates from any directory

Templates outside of the $template_dir require the file: template resource type, followed by the absolute path to the template (with leading slash.)


With Security enabled, access to templates outside of the $template_dir is not allowed unless you list those directories in $secure_dir.

Example 16.3. Using templates from any directory



And from within a Smarty template:

{include file='file:/usr/local/share/templates/navigation.tpl'}


Windows Filepaths

If you are using a Windows machine, filepaths usually include a drive letter (C:) at the beginning of the pathname. Be sure to use file: in the path to avoid namespace conflicts and get the desired results.

Example 16.4. Using templates from windows file paths



And from within Smarty template:

{include file='file:D:/usr/local/share/templates/navigation.tpl'}